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10 Most Profitable Companies in the World

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The list of the world’s most profitable companies offers a glimpse of which countries wield the most economic power and the sectors with the most economic influence. The world’s largest two economies by far, the U.S. and China, are headquarters for all but one of the 10 most profitable companies. Equally important, half of the companies on the list are financial service firms while the rest consist of technology and energy firms.

Only companies listed on U.S. exchanges, either directly or through ADRs, and OTC, are included in this list. Notably, the three most profitable companies in the world are technology firms. All technology firms in the top 10 are from the U.S.

Four out of the five companies on the list are based in China, most of them receiving major financial support from China’s central government.

These are the 10 most profitable companies by 12-month trailing (TTM) net income. Data is courtesy of TradingView. All financial information is as of June 30, 2023, unless otherwise stated. All market caps and one-year trailing returns are as of Oct. 16, 2023.

Key Takeaways

The three most profitable companies in the world are technology firms.Half of the top 10 most profitable companies are in the financial services industry.ExxonMobil and Shell are the two oil and gas producers among the most profitable companies.Half of the companies on this list are headquartered in the United States, with four companies having their headquarters in China.Apple was the most profitable company thus far in 2023, yielding just under $100 billion of net income.

#1 Apple Inc. (AAPL)

Net Income (TTM): $94.76 billion
Revenue (TTM): $383.93 billion
Market Cap: $2.79 trillion
1-Year Trailing Total Return: 23.84%
Exchange: NASDAQ

Apple designs and manufactures mobile communication and media devices, personal computers, and portable digital music players. The company also sells a range of related software, services, accessories, networking solutions, music and video streaming, as well as third-party digital content and applications. Apple is best known for its series of iPhones, iPads, and Mac personal computers.

#2 Microsoft Corp. (MSFT)

Net Income (TTM): $72.36 billionRevenue (TTM): $211.91 billionMarket Cap: $2.47 trillion1-Year Trailing Total Return: 41.22%Exchange: NASDAQ

Microsoft develops, licenses, and supports a range of software products, services, and devices. The company’s products include operating systems, server applications, business applications, software development tools, video games, and more. The company also manufactures personal computers, tablets, gaming and entertainment consoles, phones, other intelligent devices, and related accessories. Microsoft also offers cloud-based solutions through its Azure cloud-computing platform.

#3 Alphabet Inc. (GOOGL)

Net Income (TTM): $60.95 billionRevenue (TTM): $288.14 billionMarket Cap: $1.76 trillion1-Year Trailing Total Return: 40.23%Exchange: NASDAQ

Alphabet is a holding company and the parent of Google Inc., its primary business. Google offers a range of Internet products, including Search, Ads, Commerce, Maps, YouTube, Google Cloud, Android, Chrome, and Google Play. It engages in advertising, the sale of digital content, applications, cloud computing services, and the sale of hardware products. Alphabet also offers smart-home products through Nest and is developing autonomous-driving technology through its Waymo project.

#4 Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd. (IDCBY)

Net Income (TTM): $52.15 billionRevenue (TTM): $219.70 billionMarket Cap: $223.02 billion1-Year Trailing Total Return: 7.03%Exchange: OTC

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China provides commercial banking and financial services. Those services include corporate and personal loans, trade financing, deposit-taking, corporate and personal wealth management, and custodial services. The company also engages in investment activities for its own account or on behalf of customers, including money market transactions, investment securities, foreign exchange transactions, and the holding of derivative positions.

#5 ExxonMobil Corp (XOM)

Net Income (TTM): $51.72 billionRevenue (TTM): $360.95 billionMarket Cap: $435.72 billion1-Year Trailing Total Return: 9.34%Exchange: New York Stock Exchange

The world’s largest refiner of petroleum products, ExxonMobil is headquartered in Irving, Texas. The company distributes fuel, lubricants, and chemicals around the world under its four brands: Esso, Exxon, Mobil, and ExxonMobil. The company’s upstream oil and gas production division includes various production chains including deep water, unconventional, heavy oil, and liquefied natural gas chains.

Some of the stocks included here are only traded over-the-counter (OTC) in the U.S., not on exchanges. Trading OTC stocks often carries higher trading costs than trading stocks on exchanges. This can lower or even outweigh potential returns.

#6 JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM)

Net Income (TTM) as of Sept. 2023: $50.96 billionRevenue (TTM) as of Sept. 2023: $226.47 billionMarket Cap: $429.66 billion1-Year Trailing Total Return: 28.45%Exchange: New York Stock Exchange

JPMorgan is a global financial holding company that provides banking and financial services. The bank is involved in a broad range of businesses such as corporate lending, investment banking, market-making, prime brokerage, treasury and securities products, and services to corporations, investors, financial institutions, and government and municipal entities. It also offers consumer banking and asset management services.

#7 China Construction Bank Corp. (CICHY)

Net Income (TTM): $47.42 billionRevenue (TTM): $198.98 billionMarket Cap: $151.01 billion1-Year Trailing Total Return: 9.13%Exchange: OTC

China Construction Bank provides a wide range of financial services to corporate and individual customers, including corporate and personal loans, deposit-taking, wealth management, trade financing, financial consulting and advisory services, and remittance services. The bank also engages in investment activities such as inter-bank money market transactions, investments in debt securities, and equities, as well as trading of derivatives and foreign currency.

#8 Agricultural Bank of China Ltd. (ACGBY)

Net Income (TTM): $37.91 billionRevenue (TTM): $188.24 billionMarket Cap: $173.87 billion1-Year Trailing Total Return: 27.70%Exchange: OTC

Agricultural Bank of China provides international commercial banking and financial services. It offers financial products and services to individuals, corporations, government agencies, and financial institutions. The bank also engages in money market or repurchase transactions, debt instrument investments, and holding of derivative positions.

#9 Bank of China Ltd. (BACHY)

Net Income (TTM): $32.72 billionRevenue (TTM): $162.17 billionMarket Cap: $145.38 billion1-Year Trailing Total Return: 11.66%Exchange: OTC

Bank of China provides a broad range of banking and financial services to individuals, corporations, government authorities, and financial institutions. Its services include savings, deposits, lending, mortgages, credit and debit cards, trade-related products, and credit facilities. The bank also offers insurance, underwriting, stock brokerage, investment research, and asset management services.

#10 Shell PLC (SHEL)

Net Income (TTM): $29 billionRevenue (TTM): $339.60 billionMarket Cap: $225.62 billion1-Year Trailing Total Return: 32.83%Exchange: New York Stock Exchange

Shell is an international energy company that operates refining and petrochemical complexes around the world. The company’s primary line of business is the exploration, production, processing, transportation, and marketing of oil and gas. Headquartered in London, England, the company’s product line also includes lubricants and petrochemical products used in plastics, coatings, or detergents.

What Is the Most Profitable Company in the World?

The most profitable company in the world is Saudi Arabian Oil Co., known as Saudi Aramco. The company had a trailing 12-month (TTM) net income of $507.76 billion as of June 2023. It is the most profitable company because of Saudi Arabia’s vast oil reserves.

Which Companies Have More than $1 Trillion in Revenue?

No companies have more than $1 trillion in revenue. None have close to $1 trillion in revenue either. The company with the highest revenue as of 2023 is Walmart, with a revenue of $630.7 billion.

What Is the Largest Company?

The largest company by market capitalization is Apple, with a market cap of $2.79 trillion as of Oct. 16, 2023.

The Bottom Line

The 10 most profitable companies in the world are a mix of technology, energy, and financial companies. All of the companies are located in either the U.S. or China, with one being headquartered in the U.K. These companies play an important role in society across the globe, with many of their products being used daily by billions of people.

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